A complete Guide to Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary

A complete Guide to Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary

Assam is naturally endowed with rich wildlife. But our thoughts generally directs towards the one-horned rhinoceros whenever we talk of wildlife in Assam. But the Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary at Jorhat in Assam is a special place. For it houses the only ape that is found in India, the Hoolock Gibbons and Northeast India’s only nocturnal primate, the Bengal slow loris. We visited Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary after our wonderful trip to Majuli.

The Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary is actually an isolated forest track near the Assam-Nagaland border set amidst the tea gardens and small villages. Initially, the forest used to extend to the foothills of the Patkai range. Even when the forest was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1997, the forest extended from Assam to Nagaland. But an extensive expansion of tea gardens and human settlement fragmented the forest and the reserve became isolated from the foothills. Also, a railway track running through the sanctuary has further fragmented it. Currently, the sanctuary is fragmented into five segments.

hoollongapar gibbon sanctuary Jorhat Assam

Wildlife at Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary

This is the only sanctuary in India to be named after gibbons as it contains the largest density of gibbons. The sanctuary is the home to seven types of apes – western hoolock gibbon, Bengal slow loris, stump-tailed macaque, northern pig-tailed macaque, eastern Assamese macaque, rhesus macaque, and capped langur. Apart from the apes, the forest is also abundant in elephants, tigers, leopards, jungle cats, civets, Himalayan squirrels, wild boars and other mammals. There are also a large number of bird species and several types of snakes inhabiting the forest.

The sanctuary has a rich diversity of flora as well. The tall hollong trees form the upper canopy (at around 90 feet), the Nahar trees form the middle canopy (at 30 feet) and the shrubs form the lower canopy. The forest is so dense that the only way to explore the place is by foot, inspite of the fact that the forests contain wild animals like leopards, wild elephants and wild boars. No vehicles are allowed inside the sanctuary. This is quite a rarity in the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in India. So it is essential to take a guide and an armed guard with every group that enters the forest.

hoollongapar gibbon sanctuary Jorhat Assam Wildlife at Assam

You can spend hours inside the forest hiking and looking for wildlife. Even if you do not spot any wildlife, the walk below the canopy of the trees will be quite satisfying. Some parts of the forest are so thick that you will not be able to see the sky. A little into the forest and you will be greeted by sounds of birds and calls of different species of monkeys. We did sight a few wildlife in the forest.

hoollongapar gibbon sanctuary Jorhat Assam

How to Reach Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary

The nearest airport is at Jorhat while the nearest railway head is Mariani. From Jorhat, you can take a shared taxi or auto to Mariani. From Mariani, book an auto to the Sanctuary.

Best Time to Visit:

The best time to visit the sanctuary is from October to March. To sight wildlife, you need to visit early in the morning.

Stay At:

There is a Forest Rest House within the sanctuary. Alternatively, you can stay at Jorhat town.

hoollongapar gibbon sanctuary Jorhat Assam

Some Facts & Trivia:

  1. No vehicles are allowed inside the sanctuary. So the only way of exploring the forests is by walking.
  2. It is mandatory to have a guide and a forest guard with each group.
  3. Entry Fees is INR 250 per head. Charges for DSLR Camera is INR 500 extra.
  4. Early morning is the best time to visit the sanctuary to sight wildlife.
  5. If you are visiting the forest during the monsoon, wear leech socks or carry salt to ward off leech attack. During and after the monsoon, the forest becomes full of leeches.
  6. Seven out of nine non-human primates are inhabitants of the sanctuary
  7. The male gibbons are black in colour while the females are brown.
  8. The Hoolock Gibbons can move at a speed of upto 55 kms per hour and cover upto 6 metres with just one swing.

Did you like the post? Please share your views in comments below. Pin it for a later read!

Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary

About The Author

2 Backpackers

We are Agni and Amrita, the 2 Backpackers embarked on the adventure of life together. In between, travel makes us happy as we explore new places and seek newer and crazier experiences.


  1. same day agra tour by train

    Sounds like the road trip will be a blast. HOOLLONGAPAR GIBBON SANCTUARY is amazing! Awesome pictures you captured! Thank you so much for sharing this post..

  2. Abhinav Singh

    Very nice guide. You inspired me to go to Hoollongapar Gibbon Sanctuary. I have been planning this since long. Any idea if an evening safari is also available? And if it would be possible to spot all the species in evening as well?

    • taleof2backpackers

      Thank you, Abhinav. Evening safari is not available here. To spot the primates, the best time to visit is early morning.

  3. Adrenaline Romance

    Very cool! It’s just like the small forest at our very own Puerto Princesa Underground River. Problem is, our monkeys have become thieves! They take out things from customer’s open bags.

  4. Shreya saha

    Wow I did not know Assam has a big Gibbon sanctuary as well. Last year I was traveling from the dibrugarh to go to guwahati and I believe I had crossed jorhat. If I had known that before that this place has a Gibbon Sanctuary, I would have surley visited I mean I should have at least spent a night or two in your heart I probably inside the sanctuary in the forest rest house. But anyways, there is always a next time.

  5. Jean

    Looks well worth the early morning rise

  6. Lisa

    This is so interesting to read! I don’t know much about gibbons or Assam, so a wonderful read. Thank you for distinguishing also the difference between male and females, it’s very useful.

  7. Li Vinall

    “The Hoolock Gibbons can move at a speed of upto 55 kms per hour and cover upto 6 metres with just one swing.” – That’s craaazzzyyy! I had no idea Gibbons were that fast! I really like the idea of going with no vehicle – it’s definitely better for the Gibbons.

  8. Toti and Alessia

    Wildlife and relax in nature this is what this post inspires me. Well done.

  9. Suma

    Good to know we have such untouched locations in the country. Definitely visiting the National Park when I’m in Assam! Although I would be freaking out at the thought of exploring it by foot, surely an unique experience.


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